Here's a birth defect that isn't rare to see, the 3 day old newborn baby is having a myelomeningocele!
This is a defect of the spine and spinal cord which comes under a condition called Spina bifida, a treatable spinal malformation in which the two halves of the vertebral arch fails to fuse, leading to the protrusion or herniation of the meninges, CSF, and spinal cord through the vertebral defect.
Myelomeningocele is the most severe form, resulting in an open lesion or sac that contains dysplastic spinal cord, nerve roots, meninges, vertebral bodies, and skin (the image above). Standard treatment is a surgical repair (swipe right). This surgery aims to prevent further damage of the nervous tissue and to prevent infection, pediatric neurosurgeons operate to close the opening on the back. The spinal cord and its nerve roots are put back inside the spine and covered with meninges.
Giving him a hand, literally!!!
This image shows a hand transplant surgery carried out with extreme precision, connecting the tendons from donors hand to the recipient!
The donor hand usually comes from a brain-dead donor and is transplanted to a recipient who have suffered a hand/arm amputation or extreme loss of function due to injury or illness.
The goal is to help the recipient to return to modified work.
Just as in any other transplantation done (kidney, liver, heart), the recipient is given immunosuppressive drugs, as the body's natural immune system will try to reject, or destroy, the hand.
Surgical complications includes vascular thrombosis that may require further surgical intervention, and development of necrosis in the transplanted hand and forearm requiring skin graft.